Most people read short stories. Magazines, newspapers, and books, printed in millions of copies every month, regularly supply the demand for short fiction. In the United States today the short story is overwhelmingly the most popular of current literature.
Perhaps it is the modern manner of living that insistently demands that all current fiction be short. Automobiles, jet planes, telephones, and telegraphs all bow at the alter of speed. And literature shares its place in the favor of the crowd with amusements undreamed of a hundred years ago. The time for
leisurely reading of ten volume novels appears to have passed with the horse and buggy and the pony express. The fiction readers demand a literary form that suits their moods and habits. Long introductions, leisurely discourses on philosophy, and detailed descriptive passages become the special joy of a particular kind of reader, whereas the crowd chooses the short story. Small wonder, then, that many writers have turned their talents to the short story.
61. Americans today have less time to spend on reading because they .
A. work long hours
B. spend most of their time traveling
C. spend a lot of time on the telephone
D. have more diversions from which to choose
62. According to the passage, short stories are popular in the U.S. today primarily because they .
A. can be purchased on planes
B. are in abundant supply
C. appear in popular magazines and newspapers
D. are well suited to a fast pace of living
63. According to the passage, a short story differs from a novel in that a short story .
A. contains a philosophical discussion
B. is divided into several volumes
C. is considerably more concise
D. had not been invented a hundred years ago
64. The author of this passage implies that the horse and buggy is no longer a popular means of transportation because .
A. there are fewer horses today
B. its too long to travel that way
C. automobiles make the streets dangerous for horses
D. it is more expensive than driving a car
65. It can be inferred from the passage that authors might choose to write short stories because the short stories would .
A. increase the authors’ popularity
B. have a wider potential readership
C. earn more money than a novel
D. take less time to write than a novel